The role of Pakistan Air Force in the 1965 war
The stories of Pakistan Navy’s successes are long, but when it comes to the 1965 war, protecting maritime boundaries and keeping the Indian Navy confined to its shores was such a major task that the entire national defense depended on it.As the month of September approaches, the map of the Pak-India war of 1965 comes to mind. Shab Khoon Mara said that due to its numerical superiority, war defense would be difficult for PakistanThis was a big mistake of India.Fulfilling the confidence of the Pakistani nation, the Pakistani forces fully defended the borders of their country and thwarted the plans of the Indian pig mothers. Fought hardHowever, the Pakistan Air Force not only provided full air support to its forces, but also bombarded enemy positions and shot down several enemy fighter jets during aerial battles. From 1947 to 1965, the Pakistan Navy worked day and night Organized itself as a navy – to acquire modern equipmentBesides, the Pakistan Navy had also paid full attention to the training of its troops which was fully demonstrated by the Pakistan Navy in the 1965 war.June 1, 1964 was a memorable day in the history of Pakistan Navy. On this day, the first submarine of Pakistan Navy became part of the navy.The top leadership of Pakistan Navy named this submarine “Ghazi”. The addition of this submarine to the Navy enhanced the defense capabilities of Pakistan Navy and further strengthened Pakistan’s naval defense. Not less. Complete with this submarine capable of traveling long distancesNo coast of India was safe.The situation has been tense since the battle of Run Kuchh. These were the responsibilities assigned to the Pakistan Navy due to these deteriorating conditions.
۔ Protecting Pakistan’s maritime borders.
۔ Securing maritime trade and shipping lanes.
۔ Protecting Merchant Ships
۔ Restricting the movement of Indian Navy.
۔ Supporting the evil army in East Pakistan.
All these responsibilities were very important and fulfilling them was very important for the national defense. In particular, it was important to protect maritime borders and keep international trade routes open at all times so that merchant ships could continue their trade activities without interruption. The Pakistan Navy was well aware of this situation and was determined to protect Pakistan’s maritime borders at all costs.Therefore, the top leadership of Pakistan Navy has formulated an appropriate strategy in this regard. It was decided that instead of staying in the Arabian Sea and waiting for Indian warships, why not take an aggressive approach ie go to the Indian Ocean and challenge the Indian Navy within Indian waters.After adopting this strategy, the top leadership of the Pakistan Navy assigned the task of submarine “Ghazi” to conduct maritime surveillance from the coast of Karachi to the coast of Chittagong in East Pakistan while under water and in the meantime wherever The presence of the Indian Navy made them a target.Similarly, Pakistan Navy’s warships were also on patrol in their respective areas of responsibility.This naval strategy caused a stir in the Indian naval headquarters. The Indian warriors were terrified of the Pakistan Navy, especially the Ghazi submarine. He was most concerned about his aircraft carrier, the Vikrant, which was such a large target on the high seas that Ghazi would destroy it in a matter of seconds so that it would sink, including its aircraft.So the Indian Navy hid the Vikrant in the Andaman Islands, seven hundred kilometers away. Due to Ghazi’s presence in the Indian Ocean, no Indian ship went out to sea. Don’t fall prey to Ghazi just for fear of getting out into the sea. Keeping the entire Indian Navy confined to the shores was a major challenge which the Pakistan Navy best met.The second major success of the Indian Navy was “Operation Somnath”, also known as Operation Dwarka. This was a huge responsibility assigned to the Pakistan Navy. When India attacked Pakistan, the Indian Army as well as the Indian Air Force was very active. Karachi being the most important city as well as being a port faced Indian air strikes.The frequency with which these attacks were carried out made it clear that a ground radar station was providing full guidance to the Indian Air Force. After a concerted effort by Pakistan Navy intelligence, it was reported that India had set up a radar station on the coast of Dwarka to guide Indian aircraft. Upon receiving this information, the top leadership of Pakistan Navy agreed that it was imperative to destroy this radar station otherwise the Indian Air Force attacks would not stop. Dwarka was located about 200 nautical miles from Karachi. This task could not be assigned to the Air Force as the radar station would have been alerted in time of the air strike so the task was assigned to the Pakistan Navy. It was a very dangerous operation as the Pakistan Navy had to go deep into the Indian Ocean to carry out this mission. As soon as the order was received, the Pakistan Navy’s warships Shah Jahan, Badar, Babar, Khyber, Jahangir, Alamgir and Tipu Sultan left for their mission on September 7, 1965.The fleet was led by Commander Pakistan Fleet Commodore SM Anwar. His mission was to destroy Dwarka’s radar station in the dark of night which was certainly a very difficult mission. The enemy is going to inflict heavy blows on John Palm within the borders of the countryThe passion of martyrdom found in the heart of every sailor of Pakistan Navy was making them stronger in their intentions in spite of all dangers.All the ships covered this long distance within Indian waters and reached Dwarka late at night. All the ships came so close to the coast of Dwarka that the whole city was under their artillery fire. At midnight the stage which everyone had been waiting for and for which such a great risk had been taken was reached.The cannons of seven ships began to fire. In a matter of seconds, the Dwarka radar station and the adjoining Indian Navy airfield were completely destroyed. All the ships of Pakistan Navy completed their mission with great satisfaction and made their way back. Interestingly, in all these incidents, neither the Indian Navy ships came forward for the encounter nor the Indian Air Force attacked the Pakistani ships. What this shows how confused and frightened the enemy was.The stories of Pakistan Navy’s successes are long, but when it comes to the 1965 war, protecting maritime boundaries and keeping the Indian Navy confined to its shores was such a major task that the entire national defense depended on it.A symbol of fear for the enemy, the Pakistan Navy today is an independent and well-equipped naval force that is fulfilling its responsibilities in other parts of the world besides the Arabian Sea and tackling any challenge for national defense. Always ready for